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In-toeing is commonly known as ‘pigeon-toed’ and occurs when someone walks with one or both of their feet turned in, rather than facing straight ahead or outward.

There are three common causes of in-toeing, including metatarsus adductus, tibial torsion, and femoral anteversion. 

Intoeing may lead to early fatigue during activity, recurrent tripping/falling, difficulty with footwear, uneven shoe wear patterns, and pain in foot and legs. 


may include: 

In-toeing is best managed as early as possible

> footwear modifications

> stretching and strengthening exercises

> strapping

> orthotic therapy

> gait plates

> foot mobilisation

> posture, load and activity management

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