Injuries / Sports Injuries/Sprained Ankle

Children are very active – whether at school, competitive sports, or just playing at home – this in itself increases risk of injuries. Poor foot mechanics and lower leg malalignment can also place an added strain on muscles, tendons and joints.

  • WHAT CAUSES SPORTING INJURIES IN CHILDREN?
    • There are a range of problems that can lead to children being more prone to injuries during sport
    • Children are very active – whether at school, competitive sports, or just playing at home – this in itself increases risk of injuries
    • Poor foot mechanics and lower leg malalignment can also place an added strain on muscles, tendons and joints
  • WHAT IS A SPRAINED ANKLE?
    • Inversion sprains:
      • Most common type of ankle sprain
      • Occurs when the foot rolls inward or ‘inverts’
      • This causes the outer ligaments to be stretched too far – resulting in the inversion sprain
      • Pain will be on the outside of the ankle
    • Eversion sprains:
      • Occurs when the foot has been twisted outwards
      • The inner ligament, ‘deltoid ligament’, is stretched too far – resulting in an eversion sprain
      • Pain will be on the inside of the ankle
  • HOW DOES A SPRAINED ANKLE OCCUR?
    • Following a sudden sideways or twisting movement of the foot
    • Usually occurs during sporting events – such as basketball or football
    • Common to occur when landing from a jump
    • Can occur just by an awkward step – such as on uneven surfaces or the side of a curb
  • WHAT CAN PODIATRISTS DO TO HELP SPORTING INJURIES/SPRAINED ANKLES?
    • An assessment of foot biomechanics and lower leg alignment to determine any underlying cause for injury
    • Footwear examination and recommendations
    • Foot and ankle strapping techniques
    • Lower limb strapping techniques to assist muscle/tendon function
    • Refer for x-ray and/or ultrasound if deemed appropriate
    • Stretching and strengthening programs
    • Orthotics prescription to correct foot biomechanics
  • WHAT CAUSES SPORTING INJURIES IN CHILDREN?
    • There are a range of problems that can lead to children being more prone to injuries during sport
    • Children are very active – whether at school, competitive sports, or just playing at home – this in itself increases risk of injuries
    • Poor foot mechanics and lower leg malalignment can also place an added strain on muscles, tendons and joints
  • WHAT IS A SPRAINED ANKLE?
    • Inversion sprains:
      • Most common type of ankle sprain
      • Occurs when the foot rolls inward or ‘inverts’
      • This causes the outer ligaments to be stretched too far – resulting in the inversion sprain
      • Pain will be on the outside of the ankle
    • Eversion sprains:
      • Occurs when the foot has been twisted outwards
      • The inner ligament, ‘deltoid ligament’, is stretched too far – resulting in an eversion sprain
      • Pain will be on the inside of the ankle
  • HOW DOES A SPRAINED ANKLE OCCUR?
    • Following a sudden sideways or twisting movement of the foot
    • Usually occurs during sporting events – such as basketball or football
    • Common to occur when landing from a jump
    • Can occur just by an awkward step – such as on uneven surfaces or the side of a curb
  • WHAT CAN PODIATRISTS DO TO HELP SPORTING INJURIES/SPRAINED ANKLES?
    • An assessment of foot biomechanics and lower leg alignment to determine any underlying cause for injury
    • Footwear examination and recommendations
    • Foot and ankle strapping techniques
    • Lower limb strapping techniques to assist muscle/tendon function
    • Refer for x-ray and/or ultrasound if deemed appropriate
    • Stretching and strengthening programs
    • Orthotics prescription to correct foot biomechanics

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